Infection is a process in which bacteria, viruses, fungi or other organisms enter the body attach to cells, and multiply. In order to multiply, an infection must evade or overcome the body’s natural defenses.

These natural defenses include:

  1. Skin: Designed to physically block germs, it becomes vulnerable when cracked or scraped.

  2. Coughing Deeply: Typically this expels germs from the lungs and breathing passages, but it is less effective in weak, sick or injured people.

  3. Bacteria: Normal and healthy bacteria, called resident flora, are always present in the body. They are tasked with surrounding harmful germs and expelling them, however their abilities can be weakened through medications and then harmful bacteria will flourish.

  4. Inflammatory Response: The body’s immune system creates white blood cells, call macrophages and neutrophils, to surround and destroy harmful germs. This is happening when a patient has high fevers, redness and swelling.

  5. Antibodies: Produced by the immune system, antibodies are proteins that are targeted to attach specific germs, or microbes. These proteins are produced immediately after a person is infected or exposed to the microbes, this process is called humoral immunity.

For the young and elderly, an infection can be life threatening before it appears, so it is important to pay close attention to details like, change in their moods, habits, appearance, or any other minor change you notice.

Prevent the spread of Infections:

  • Be Consistent with proper Personal Hygiene/Resident hygiene

  • Always use Leak proof bags for soiled linens

  • Disinfect surfaces, phones, tables, counters, & wheelchairs

  • Empty drainage containers according to policy

  • Wear PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) when necessary.

  • Don't let resident items touch your clothes

  • Prevent dust and particle movement. (NEVER shake linens)

  • Flush urine and feces in toilet, rinse well and spray with disinfectant

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