The National Fire Protection Association records an average of 6,000 structure fires in health care facilities each year. Nursing facilities and hospitals make up 80 percent of those fires. As a CNA that will most likely find work in a nursing home or general hospital, it is important to be aware of preventative measures as well as proper responses to structure fires in health care facilities.

Classification of Fires:

Class A: Produced by combustion of solid combustible materials that are not metals, such as wood, paper, cloth, trash, and plastics.

Class B: Oil or gas fires caused by ignition of an nonmetal in a liquid sate such as flammable liquids like gasoline, oil, acetone or flammable gases.

Class C: Electrical fires caused by energized electrical equipment.

Class D: Fire caused by combustion of metals such as potassium, sodium, aluminum, and magnesium. These fires are usually found in laboratories and will require special extinguishing agents, such as Metal-X foam, to dispel.

Common Locations of Fires in Health Care Facilities:

  1. Areas of the facility with heavy electrical equipment.

  2. A patients room.

  3. The Pathology Lab, or any similar space with inflammable and explosive items.

  4. Any Battery Banks/Charging stations.

Remember Fires only need two things to Burn: Fuel & Oxygen.

Be constantly aware of your surroundings, and be sure to REMOVE the resident from immediate danger!

In case of a fire, remember to RACE:

R - Remove resident from danger.

A - Activate alarm

C  - Confine area of fire, shut doors and windows.

E - Extinguish the fire if possible.

Remember to PASS when using a fire extinguisher: 

P - Pull the pin.

A - Aim the hose at the base of the fire.

S - Squeeze the handle down

S - Sweep the hose back and forth towards the base of the fire.

Think you're ready?

Enter your zip code in the form below and we’ll match you with the best CNA schools near you and online. It’s fast and free!