The National Fire Protection Association records an average of 6,000 structure fires in health care facilities each year. Nursing facilities and hospitals make up 80 percent of those fires. As a CNA that will most likely find work in a nursing home or general hospital, it is important to be aware of preventative measures as well as proper responses to structure fires in health care facilities.
Classification of Fires:
Class A: Produced by combustion of solid combustible materials that are not metals, such as wood, paper, cloth, trash, and plastics.
Class B: Oil or gas fires caused by ignition of an nonmetal in a liquid sate such as flammable liquids like gasoline, oil, acetone or flammable gases.
Class C: Electrical fires caused by energized electrical equipment.
Class D: Fire caused by combustion of metals such as potassium, sodium, aluminum, and magnesium. These fires are usually found in laboratories and will require special extinguishing agents, such as Metal-X foam, to dispel.
Common Locations of Fires in Health Care Facilities:
Areas of the facility with heavy electrical equipment.
A patients room.
The Pathology Lab, or any similar space with inflammable and explosive items.
Any Battery Banks/Charging stations.
Remember Fires only need two things to Burn: Fuel & Oxygen.
Be constantly aware of your surroundings, and be sure to REMOVE the resident from immediate danger!
In case of a fire, remember to RACE:
R - Remove resident from danger.
A - Activate alarm
C - Confine area of fire, shut doors and windows.
E - Extinguish the fire if possible.
Remember to PASS when using a fire extinguisher:
P - Pull the pin.
A - Aim the hose at the base of the fire.
S - Squeeze the handle down
S - Sweep the hose back and forth towards the base of the fire.
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